Venereal Disease and the HIV Test in Singapore


http://www.venereal.org/venereal-disease-and-the-hiv-test-in-singapore

A venereal disease is also known as a sexually transmitted disease. It’s passed on through sexual contact with an infected person, who may not know that they’re infected. Venereal disease testing, including an HIV test, is recommended.

A venereal disease is an infectious disease that’s passed on through sexual contact. It’s also known as a sexually transmitted disease. Venereal diseases can be transmitted through vaginal intercourse, but also through other types of sex. Oral sex and anal sex can also transmit infections between people. Using a condom helps to decrease the risk of acquiring an infection.

A person infected with a venereal disease may not have any symptoms, and often doesn’t even know that they’re infected. However, even when there are no symptoms, the infection is still contagious. The sexual partners who acquire the venereal disease may go on to have symptoms, even if the person who gave it to them never has any symptoms of the disease.

  • A venereal disease (VD) is an infectious disease that’s passed on through sexual contact, also known as a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
  • A person with a venereal disease may have no symptoms, but still be contagious.
  • To find out whether you have a venereal disease, there is testing available. Urine, blood, and saliva tests can be used for different diseases.
  • The HIV test is a test on blood or saliva. A positive test requires confirmation with a second test, which is a blood test.
  • Everyone should have an HIV test at least once. It’s recommended every year for sexually active adults, and more often for certain groups.

In order to find out whether you have a venereal disease, there is testing available. Which type of tests you need depends on whether you’re having symptoms and what type they are, as well as what potential exposures you may have had.

If you are having discharge from the penis or vagina, the discharge can be tested to determine which type of organism is causing it. If you have one or more sores on the genitals, fluid from the sores can be collected and tested in a similar way.

Tests for venereal disease can also be done on urine, blood, and sometimes saliva. For example, urine tests are generally used for gonorrhea and chlamydia. Blood tests usually look for an immune response to an infectious agent in the blood. The HIV test is one example of a blood test for venereal disease. An HIV test may look for antibodies against the virus, or it may look for the virus itself in the blood. Because antibodies also get released into the saliva, there is also a salivary test available for HIV. This avoids the discomfort and inconvenience of a blood test, but if the test is positive, it will need to be confirmed with a blood test.

It’s recommended that every adult have an HIV test in Singapore at least once in their lifetimes, regardless of behavioral factors. Anyone who is sexually active should have a test at least once a year, and those in higher-risk groups (for instance, men who have sex with men) need to get an HIV test in Singapore every three to six months. You can visit an STD clinic to get your HIV test.

Sources:

Mayo Clinic. “STD symptoms: Common STDs and their symptoms.” Mayo Clinic. Published 18 Mar 2015. Accessed 25 Jun 2016. http://www.mayoclinic.org/std-symptoms/art-20047081

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Published 25 Feb 2014. Accessed 26 Jun 2016. https://www.cdc.gov/std/general/default.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Screening Recommendations Referenced in Treatment Guidelines and Original Recommendation Sources.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Published 4 Jun 2015. Accessed 20 Jun 2016. http://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/screening-recommendations.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “HIV Basics – Testing.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Published 5 May 2016. Accessed 20 Jun 2016. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/testing.html

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2016 July 3rd   Leave a comment

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