Venereal Diseases


http://www.venereal.org/venereal-diseases

Venereal diseases, or VD, are transmitted through sexual activity. In Singapore, VD is a major health concern for any sexually active person.

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A venereal disease, or VD, is a disease that’s transmitted from one person to another during sexual activity. These are also known as sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs. Because the genitals are warm and moist, they provide a good environment for many microorganisms to live. This makes the reproductive tract a common site of infection.

Venereal diseases encompass a wide range of different types of infections. In Singapore, venereal diseases are common, particularly among young adults. However, any sexually active person can acquire VD. Fortunately, prevention is possible.

What are the types of VD?

There’s a huge range of different venereal diseases. Syphilis is a bacterial infection that begins with a sore on the genitals and progresses to more serious health problems. Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that causes discharge and burning while urinating, but can progress to cause infertility in women or men. Chlamydia is very similar to gonorrhea and may be transmitted along with it.

Herpes is a viral infection that causes sores to appear on the genitals periodically throughout life. Genital warts also appear on the genitals, due to infection by a virus. HIV is a viral infection that’s fatal in those who don’t receive appropriate treatment in time. Hepatitis B is another dangerous viral infection that can lead to liver cancer or cirrhosis in those whose bodies don’t successfully clear the infection.

Can VD be prevented?

The best prevention for VD is to practice safe sex. The safest option is not to have sex, or to save sex for a mutually monogamous relationship. However, if that’s not right for you at this point in your life, then you do have options for making sex safer.

Condoms are an excellent option for preventing VD. Choose latex or polyurethane condoms, and use a new one every single time you have sex. It’s ideal to use a water-based lubricant along with the condom, to prevent it from tearing. Used correctly, condoms will prevent most cases of VD and will also prevent pregnancy.

Can VD be treated?

Whether treatment is possible depends on the particular type of VD. Bacterial infections, such as chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea, can be treated with antibiotics in most cases, although antibiotic resistance is becoming increasingly common.

Viral infections are usually not curable with medications. In the case of genital warts, the warts can be removed by a doctor, but the viral infection remains and new warts may grow. Herpes can be suppressed with antiviral medication if the outbreaks are frequent, but the infection cannot be eliminated from the body. HIV can be managed with long-term use of medications; multiple medications are needed, and taking any breaks from the treatment can lead to resistance, making the infection more difficult to treat.

Because some types of VD cannot be treated, and other types are increasingly resistant to treatment, it’s much better to prevent VD than to treat it after it occurs. The use of a condom is a small hassle that can save you much bigger hassles down the line. It’s worth it to protect yourself.

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2015 July 31st   Leave a comment

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